Safety Glass

We offer a wide range of safety glass with nationwide delivery as well as trade counter facilities available at all our branches.  All the safety glass manufactured and supplied by Fire Glass UK complies with the relevant British and European standards (BS 6206 and BS EN 12600) and carries the appropriate CE Mark.  We are accredited to Attestation Level 1 in terms of manufacturing glass and IGUs.  Please call to discuss your individual requirements – we are here to help.  Our product-range, technical know-how and excellent customer service makes us the UK’s only choice for specialist glass.

WHAT IS SAFETY GLASS?
Safety glass is glass that has some form of safety function from an Impact Safety Rating point of view. It is harder to break than ordinary glass and does not shatter in the same way due to either the specific processing the glass has gone through (toughened) or the bonded interlayer between the glass itself (laminated).

It is used to protect against injury on impact with the glass and is suitable for locations with a high risk of accidental damage or where there is an increased risk of vandalism. It must also be used in certain Critical Locations as per Building Regulations requirements.

THE BENEFITS OF SAFETY GLASS
There are different types of safety glass, each with its own benefits depending the intended usage and impact safety rating required.

Laminated Glass – this safety and security glass is typically made up of one or more panes of glass with bonded interlayers of PVB (polyvinyl butyral). This type of glass is no stronger than ordinary glass but it will remain intact on impact as a result of the bonded
interlayer which prevents the glass from breaking into large pieces. It can therefore withstand repeated blows from heavy objects and remain as a barrier to entry even if the glass has been broken. Laminated glass can have different impact ratings depending on the thickness of the glass used and the number of interlayers. It can also provide sound insulation (acoustic abilities) and thermal insulation (energy efficiency).

Toughened Glass – this safety and security glass is processed by a controlled thermal or chemical treatment to significantly increase its strength compared to ordinary non-processed glass. Whilst significantly stronger (up to five times) this type of glass is still breakable on impact. However, it will not break in the same way as ordinary glass – it does not break into large jagged shards and will instead break into small cube-liked pieces that are less likely to cause injury. The key benefit of toughened glass is its strength in terms of the impact required to break it – it has the highest performing classification of impact rating.

Wired Glass – this is a type of safety and security glass due to the wire netting embedded within it during the manufacturing process. The wire netting reduces the probability of the glass shattering on impact and is intended to hold the glass together if it cracks. However, this type of glass still breaks in the same way as ordinary glass and it will break into large jagged pieces on impact outside of its impact safety rating.

TESTING
All safety glass is tested to establish its impact safety rating in accordance with the Safety Glass Standards. The standards set out various provisions including the definition of ‘safe breakage’ – safety glass used in Critical Locations must (if it breaks) break safely, be robust enough to resist impact without breaking, be in small panes or otherwise permanently protected.

As part of the testing process, a weight is dropped from three heights onto a standard sized pane of safety glass. The glass is then given an impact safety rating based on the point at which it breaks (if it breaks).

IMPACT SAFETY RATINGS
The classifications of impact safety rating are based on the three-drop heights used:

  • 190mm drop height (3B3 / Class C) is considered to be equivalent to an adult pushing hard against the glass or a child running into it.
  • 450mm drop height (2B2 / Class B) is considered to be equivalent to more than an adult walking into a glass door but less than a determined attempt to force a way through by running at it.
  • 1200mm drop height (1B1 / Class A) is considered to be equivalent to a full-grown adult running into the glass with insignificant or no injury.

Building Regulations set out specific requirements with regards to protection from impact with glazing and these include what impact safety rating must be used in Critical Locations. For more information see: www.gov.uk/government/publications/protection-from-falling-collision-and-impact-approved-document-k

TYPICAL SAFETY GLASS USAGE
Due to laminated glass remaining intact on impact it is generally used where there is a risk of an incident caused by falling glass should the glass be damaged, as well as where there is high human impact and the need to prevent potential injury. Laminated glass is frequently used in exterior shop-fronts, curtain walling and windows, overhead glazing, full-height barriers, doors and low-level glazing. It has many commercial, public and residential applications.

Toughened glass also has a number of applications and in building projects it is often used as glass facades, Glass Partitions, sliding doors, glass doors and windows. It is also used in furniture such as table and counter tops.

We have our own Toughening Plant and can provide toughened glass cut to size ranging from 4mm to 25mm in thickness.

As with other types of glass, safety glass is flexible and can be used in different forms; including within IGUs and with colour/tinted options.

Safety glass is not of itself fire resistant but there are certain types of Fire Rated Glass that come with impact safety ratings and which will therefore be suitable for Critical Locations – for more information see our Fire Rated Glass page.

FEATURES OF SAFETY GLASS:

  • In house Toughening Plant
  • Standard and acoustic laminated glass
  • Coloured and tinted options available
  • Nationwide delivery
  • Trade counter collection at all Branches
  • Attestation Level 1